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Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on April 24, 2016 at 7:10 AM

Prof. Dr. Anton Caragea, President Director-General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation (IRICE) and H.E. Hussain Taha Hassan SINJARI – Ambassador of Iraq to Romania held a round of consultation on April 19, 2016.

A handshake of friendship: Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and H.E. Ambassador Hussain Taha Hassan SINJARI


Prof. Dr. Anton Caragea express his heartily congratulation for the activities and results achieved in the last span of time, in the bilateral relation between Romania and Iraq, and highlighted the fact that: between Romanian and Iraq we can observe a large area of common interests , designed to forge a good understanding between the two nations.

The Romania- Iraqcooperation had become a model for all the countries in the region and this model must be presented as a perfect pattern of cooperation between Romania and Middle Eastern countries.

The mandate of H. E. Ambassador Hussain Taha Hassan SINJARI has proven that: Romania can have a sustained and perfect relation with the countries in the Middle East, even in this difficult political and strategic environment of today.

H.E. Hussain Taha Hassan SINJARI presented the new route plan for the embassy activity in 2016 comprising: the opening of Romania-Iraqi Commercial Chamber, bolstering the bilateral economic cooperation, enhancing political and diplomatic exchanges and express his confidence in the support offered by the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation in fulfilling these tasks.

Tabled at the meeting: heavy diplomatic files: economic cooperation, medical assistance and cultural liaisons.


The most important achievement of the embassy is starting to carve out, with IRICE support, a program for medical assistance for Iraqi woonded.


The ambitious program will allow Iraqi patiants to be weel look after in high level Romanian hospitals and leisure facilities insuring them a full physic and psihological recovery.

Prof. Dr. Anton Caragea pledged his continous support in developing the medical support scheme for Iraq and stated that the vision of developing and fostering new economic, politic and cultural relations between the two nations is a shared vision.


The consultations had continued on concrete aspects and analyses of economic, political and cultural bilateral relations and on ways of fostering this dialogue on to the future.

Especially important was the common analysis of the region problems and evolutions and the shared vision in a Middle East free of terrorism, living in peace and development, a vision that drive`s Iraq and Romania towards cooperation with a mutual goal.

The regular consultations between the two officials will foster the relations between Romanian and Iraq and constitutes a model for diplomatic dialogue for all the countries.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on March 14, 2016 at 8:50 AM

On March 11, 2016, the taking office protocol and presentation meeting between Prof. Dr. Anton Caragea, President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and H.E. Tajul Aman Mohammad, Ambassador of Malaysia in Romania had taken place.

Prof. Dr. Anton Caragea express his heart felted congratulation on the occasion of beginning of mandate of Mr. Tajul Aman Mohammad, appreciating that Romanian and Malaysia are enjoying a long and productive history of cultural, economic and political cooperation and a large area of dialogue, destined to be conducive to a good understanding between the two nations.


The Romania- Malaysia cooperation has the ability to become an example of building an economic and cultural exchange area between East Asia and Romania, remarked Professor Anton Caragea.

Now it is an auspicious moment to enliven the diplomatic dialogue and friendship between Romania and Malaysia, as we are witnessing the political and economic will for such an improvement.

H.E. Tajul Aman Mohammad remarked with satisfaction and appreciation the encouragement`s offered by Prof. Dr. Anton Caragea and had stated that: the wish and desire for an economic, politic and cultural special friendship between Malaysia and Romania is a common shared vision.

The dialogue had continued on concrete themes for economic actions such as: cooperating on tourism and trade in the framework offered by European Council on Tourism and Trade decisions, in order to promote bilateral tourism and investments related to tourism sector.


Other spheres of economic cooperation where highlighted on agricultural sector and on communication, mobile technology and other areas of high technology where Romania is having an international recognized know how.

IRICE President accepted to meet with a parliamentary delegation from Malaysia in order to promote cooperation on this level of parliamentarian and democratic institutional dialogue.

During the meeting where tabled also different aspects and analyses of economic, political and cultural bilateral relations and on ways of fostering this dialogue on to the future.

The all-encompassing dialogue created the foundations for a successful diplomatic mandate of H.E. Ambassador Tajul Aman Mohammad and created the necessary environment to foster the relations between Romanian and Malaysia and constitutes a promise for re-launching a traditional Romanian diplomatic action towards Malaysia.

The photo chronicle of the diplomatic encounter can be found here: PRESIDENT OFFICE


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on February 28, 2016 at 5:55 PM

On 26 February 2016, the official cooperation meeting between Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President General Director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation and H.E. Karsten Vagn Nielsen, Ambassador of Kingdom of Denmark had taken place.

Open and amicable dialogue between Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and Danish Ambassador- Karsten Vagn Nielsen.


Professor Dr. Anton Caragea open the dialogue by underlining the friendly interest towards the recent evolution`s in Denmark, evolutions that are consolidating Denmark economic development and are creating a perfect opportunity for Danish business people and enterprises in manifesting a real interest for the prospects offered by Romanian economy.

Specially interesting areas are: agricultural field and green energies and renewable industries, areas that Danish company have a real know how tradition, emphasized Prof. Dr. Anton Caragea.

Friendly dialogue and exchange of opinions between IRICE President Dr. Anton Caragea and Ambassador of Denmark-Karsten Vagn Nielsen.

H.E. Ambassador Karsten Vagn Nielsen outlined the latest achievements in bilateral relations and marked the growing contribution of Romanian community working and building an existence in the Kingdom of Denmark and marked the fact that the Romanian community is a prominent tool in developing cultural relations and building new bridges of understanding between Romania and Denmark.


Ambassador Karsten Vagn Nielsen took the opportunity to emphasize on the new projects developed in Romania by Danish companies that are investing in diary industry and presented the pride of the embassy: the project of assuring medical assistance for rural and remote areas with the help offered by Danish companies present on Romanian market.

The parties had appreciated that between Romanian and Denmark there are large areas of common interests , designed to forge a good understanding between the two nations.

The Romania- Denmark relationship must be an example for a better relation between Romania and Northern Europe region.

They had concurred that now it is an auspicious moment for reconstructing and rebuilding this framework of dialogue and friendship.

The dialogue had continued on concrete aspects and analyses of economic, political and cultural bilateral relations and on ways of fostering this dialogue on to the future.

The discussion led the foundations of continuing the dialogue and putting a more energetic outlook in the relations between Romania and Kingdom of Denmark.

More PR informations about this meeting can be read out here: PRESIDENT OFFICE


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on February 14, 2016 at 7:00 AM


The Ambassadors Meeting and Working Lunch on Tourism and Hospitality reunited Romanian parliamentarians, representatives of Minister of tourism and members of the diplomatic corps.

The Working Lunch on Tourism was generously hosted by the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation (IRICE) and has benefited the presence of the IRICE President, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.

IRICE President receives the participants to Working Lunch on Tourism


The Diplomatic corps gathering, is taken place on an annual basis and is representing a great opportunity for networking and also for keeping the Embassies informed on what the World Lectures on Sustainable Development Goals Programs will try to achieve during the year and also to provide an outlook for the coming year 2016 in terms of tourism in Europe and Romania.

The event received a very high representation of accredited diplomatic corps, Romanian parliament representatives, European Tourism Academy, European Council on Tourism and Trade and Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania.

On this occasion Professor Dr. Anton Caragea had officially entrusted insignias and diplomas for the representative of the hospitality industry of Romania and recognized ROYAL HOTELS in Bucharest and Constanta as official diplomatic partners and entrusted the HIGH QUALITY PRIZES for the two hotels.


H.E. Victor R. Carazo, Ambassador of Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela giving an interview to the National Television.


Other points of discussions included the update on International and Romanian Tourism trends in 2015 and on the DISCOVER ROMANIA PROGRAM which represents one of the top priorities of the IRICE agenda.

The DISCOVER ROMANIA PROGRAM is destined to highlight for the ambassadors that had endeavour and achieved recognition for their efforts to foster the bilateral relations the beauties of Romania.

In the last three years DISCOVER ROMANIA PROGRAM had offered diplomatic trips to Maramures, Hateg, Retezat, Iasi, Bucovina, Danube Delta and Targoviste to ambassadors from United Arab Emirates, Iraq, Syria, Macedonia, Albania, Qatar, Venezuela, Nigeria etc.


Official toasting with ROMANIAN DIPLOMATIC WINE FOR 2016

The names of the ambassadors who will be invited for Spring 2016 DISCOVER ROMANIA PROGRAM will be announced in March 2016 and the trip will start in April and will showcase Moldavian beauties, announced IRICE President Anton Caragea.

The meeting concluded with an introduction of the main activities of the diplomatic calendar for the first quarter of 2016, a presentation on the upcoming February 2016 Romanian Tourism Fair and International Good and Beverage Exhibition – Goodwine May 2016.

More about DISCOVER ROMANIA PROGRAM, with photos and memories of the trips, can be found here:







Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on January 25, 2016 at 1:15 PM

You have to know that: the world’s favourite museum isn’t the Louvre. Or the Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art or London Museum.


According to world tourism institution-European Council on Tourism and Trade, the highest rated museum is the Addis Ababa Ethiopian National Museum, home to the world oldest hominids Lucy and Selam, universally acclaimed as grandfathers of humanity and garnering the world most impressive collection of African eastern orthodox icons. 

After crunching the numbers in the algorithm that took into account the quantity and quality of reviews for museums worldwide Ethiopian National Museum ranked as the most respected in cultural community.


On the arguments that put the Museum on the right track in the cultural world where the refurbishing of a new wing destined to conserve their countries priceless artifacts and cultural patrimony.


The judges did not escape the fact that te museum received during 2015 landmarks visits like European Council delegations and United States delegations, a moment that was not achieved by any other cultural institution during this year.


Uniting Europe, America and Africa around Lucy-the skeleton of the first hominid, is a success that only Ethiopian National Museum registered, during 2015. 

NATIONAL MUSEUM OF ETHIOPIA is the only world museum that received the visit of American and European delegations during the same year. All around Lucy-the first human skeleton. 


On December 15, 2015, on the function of the official opening of the2016 World Tourism, Culture and Travel Awards, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea announced the Ethiopian National Museum of Addis Ababa is recognized as a WORLD`S FAVORITE MUSEUM for his priceless artefacts and outstanding contribution to the human civilization understanding. 

The Ethiopia National Museum made it on the list of WORLD`S FAVORITE MUSEUM on the account of garnering the most relevant artefacts of the incredible history of Ethiopia. 

The Museum is having in his exhibitions an outstanding treasure of crowns and objects pertaining to the long list of emperors of Ethiopia, coronation artefacts, imperial insignia and memorabilia. 

 Selam-the body of the second most old hominide male.


The museum has also prided himself with impressive collections of weaponry, agricultural and everyday life objects from all the national groups and minorities from the territory of today Ethiopia, this makes it one of the largest ethnographic collection in the world and spawning for two millennia.



Of course, the crowning jewels of the permanent exhibitions at the Ethiopian National Museum are the outstandingly preserved bodies of Lucy and Salem (the oldest human remains in the world). 

 National Museum of Ethiopia: a most stop for every world tourist. 


If Ethiopia is proudly named the “cradle of the civilisation” and “the place where it all begins” than a visit to the WORLD`S FAVORITE MUSEUM-the place where the forefathers of humanity are placed is a must for any human being.



In 2015 the Ethiopian National Museum received the visits of the United States delegates led by President Barack Obama, who praised the outstanding humanity’s legacy of Ethiopia and of the European Council on Tourism and Trade delegates led by President Anton Caragea.


Religious art of Ethiopia: a must see and enjoy! 


This visits where a proof that: the Ethiopian National Museum has become a lynchpin of culture and a most see stop over for all the citizens of the world.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on January 4, 2016 at 5:45 PM


On the occasion of the opening of COP 21 Paris Climate Conference, the Professor Dr. Anton Caragea presented to a world audience the statement presenting the encouragement declaration marking the importance of the event for World Natural Protected Areas and Natural parks.

Here is the full text of Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, MA, FINS, ETA allocution:


​It gives me a special pleasure to greet the Paris Climate Conference COP21.

This meeting come at a critical moment. This is the time for world leaders meeting in Paris to forge a general and humanity level response to the climate change peril.

Already by previous commitments the national governments have agreed to the goal of limiting global temperature rise to less than 2 degrees Celsius.

The climate action plans – the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions – submitted so far bend the global emissions curve downward, but there is still much effort demanded and as soon as possible.

The transformation of the world’s energy systems is crucial for world natural protected areas and natural parks by this avoiding the worst consequences of climate change and setting the world on a sustainable development pathway.

It os our shared duty as representatives of the people and humanity to foster the transformation of world energy systems in to cleaner, lower-carbon sources, and to ensure the decarbonization of the world’s energy systems by the end of the century.

Your efforts as delegates to COP 21 will manifest themself by implementing the recently adopted 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

European Council on Tourism and Trade has saluted this agenda as a roadmap to end global poverty – including energy poverty – and to help build a life of dignity for all.

This is our committment and obligation for the generations to come.

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that we are supporting are reflecting the importance of sustainable energy for societies, economies and human world.

SDG 17 are calling to “ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all” by 2030.

The Agenda that European Council on Tourism and Trade works to promote, recognizes the close links between energy and the other SDGs, including the goal on climate change.

I salute your exertions to build a safer, more equitable and prosperous future for all.

Please accept my best wishes for a successful Paris COP 21 conference !




The Office of IRICE President release a special communique on the occasion of the successful closing of COP21 Paris Climate Conference.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, is presenting an unequivocally encouragement declaration, marking the importance of the event for world tourism and for world natural protected areas and natural parks.


Here is the full text:

It gives me a special pleasure to greet the results of the Paris Climate Conference COP21.

The Paris Agreement has succeed in providing the framework for accelerating the global transition to low-carbon climate –resilient economies. As the SG of United Nations Mr. Ban Ki-moon rightly stated “We are the first generation that can end poverty. We are also the last generation that can slow global warming before it is too late.”

We should not miss this opportunity.

The Paris conference was a historic opportunity to accelerate the shift to a low carbon, climate-resilient global economy.

People around the world are looking to their leaders for a signal that they are ready and willing to take decisive action to tackle climate change.

I launch an appeal to those that support a strong Paris deal to take every opportunity to speak out and make their position clear.

Now, of extremly importance is the role to be played by the Civil society in raising awareness among the public and putting pressure on governments to show leadership and to ask for accountability rules to give stakeholders confidence that countries will deliver on their commitments.

As well as reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the new agreement is also addresing adaptation to the impacts of climate change and the mobilisation of finance for climate action from a variety of public and private sources.


The climate action plans – the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions – submitted so far bend the global emissions curve downward, but there is still much effort demanded and as soon as possible.

The transformation of the world’s energy systems is crucial for world natural protected areas and natural parks by this avoiding the worst consequences of climate change and setting the world on a sustainable development pathway.

It os our shared duty as representatives of the people and humanity to foster the transformation of world energy systems in to cleaner, lower-carbon sources, and to ensure the decarbonization of the world’s energy systems by the end of the century.

Your efforts after the COP21 will manifest themself by implementing the recently adopted 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.


European Council on Tourism and Trade has saluted this agenda as a roadmap to end global poverty – including energy poverty – and to help build a life of dignity for all.


This is our committment and obligation for the generations to come.

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that we are supporting are reflecting the importance of sustainable energy for societies, economies and human world.

SDG 17 are calling to “ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all” by 2030.

The Agenda that European Council on Tourism and Trade works to promote, recognizes the close links between energy and the other SDGs, including the goal on climate change.

I salute your exertions to build a safer, more equitable and prosperous future for all.

Please accept my best wishes for a successful implementation of the decision taken by Paris COP21 conference.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on December 1, 2015 at 5:50 PM

On 2015 December 1st, in order to mark the National Day of Romania, the exhibition: The History of Romanian Elections (1990-2016) was unveiled by Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.

IRICE President General Director and Academician Mircea Constantinescu are unveiling the Exhibition dedicated to the History of Romanian Elections


The open exhibition is made more relevant by the fact that: in 2016 the Romanian electors will go to the ballot, in two crucial elections: for local administration and in the autumn 2016 for a new Parliament.

In this context: I found that an exhibition, dedicated to parliamentary elections, highlighting the role and significance of Parliament and parliamentarians in a democracy, and marking an assessment of the importance of Parliament based democracy is essential, stated Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, IRICE President General Director, giving the starting signal for the exhibition.


The exhibition is hosted, only befitting to his purpose, in the temple of Romanian democracy: the Parliament building, underlined Professor dr. Anton Caragea in the opening speech.


The initiative of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation to open a public exhibition on Romanian Election History, hosted in the Romanian Parliament will be the showcase of the prowess and capabilities of Parliament in a functional democracy.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on November 25, 2015 at 2:00 PM

On the occasion of the official presentation to the Romanian Parliament of the ambitious plan outlined for Kazakhstan by the President Nursultan Nazarbayev, the Chairman of Romanian Parliament Commission for Economy, Services and Industries-Senator Eugen Tapu Nazare requested the floor in order to highlight the Kazakhstan role as the major partner of Romania and as the perfect world economic model.

Kazakhstan is a perfect example for all the developing countries like romania, countries that are struggling to combat world crisis.

President Nursultan Nazarbayev succeeded in making his country the land of developing and wealth, this was the common opinion among the MP`s attending the special session.  

On 24 November 2015, in a special sitting, the members of Chambers of Deputies and Senate of Romania listen to a report delivered by Ambassador of Kazakhstan-Daulet Batrashev on the country ambitious programs of reforms.


H.E. Kazakhstan Ambassador-Daulet Batrashev, IRICE President-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, Kazakhstan Embassy Counsellor-Yerzhan Bertayev and Professor Dr. Mircea Constantinescu are heading for opening special parliament sitting dedicated to the presentation of President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan program for FIVE REFORMS.


Kazakhstan President-Nursultan Nazarbayev launched in 2015 a set of FIVE REFORMS detailed on 100 STEPS, that will create a powerful Kazakhstan, prepared to confront the world economic crisis, able to overcome challenges of low oil prices and in the same time strong enough to create a modern and inclusive economy, a reformed administration and an abundant society.


In the preparatory séance of the Parliament sitting (from left to right): Professor Mircea Constantinescu, Chamber of Deputies (Romanian Parliament) Vice President Mr. Florin Iordache, President IRICE Dr. Anton Caragea and H.E. Kazakhstan Ambassador Daulet Batrashev.


In the preparatory séance, the Vice President of the Chamber of Deputies Mr. Florin Iordache welcomed H.E. Ambassador Daulet Batrashev expressing the committment of the Chamber of Deputies to foster the relations with Kazakhstan, to promote bilateral economic relations and to insure the knowledge of Kazakhstan reforms as a world model.

This is an important mission for Romanian Parliament, as the President Nursultan Nazarbayev vision is recognised as a document of world significance.

Mr. Florin Iordache-Chamber of Deputies Vice President receives the FIVE REFORMS plan of H.E.President of Kazakhstan-Nursultan Nazarbayev.


Welcoming the Kazakhstan Ambassador, on behalf of the Senate Permanent Committee, Mr. Ioan Chelaru-Vice President of the Romanian Senate underlined the strategic relations and bond uniting Kazakhstan and Romania, a bridge of cooperation and friendship that is exemplary for the exertions of Romania and Kazakhstan diplomacy.

The Romanian Parliament will always analyse and fully appreciate the bold vision of Kazakhstan President.

Mr. Ioan Chelaru-Senate Vice President states his appreciation for Kazakhstan role on international arena and the impressive cultural contribution that Kazakhstan has brought to the world.


H.E. Ambassador Daulet Batrashev declared himself moved by the expression of friendship and solidarity remarked in all the speeches of the senators and deputies attending the event and on the speeches of the Romanian Parliament leaders.



Senate Vice President-Ioan Chelaru congratulates Kazakhstan Ambassador-Daulet Batrashev on a successful and powerful presentation of the FIVE REFORMS implemented on Kazakhstan.

I am sure that: this is an expression of the high esteem for Kazakhstan and for the ambitious vision of H.E. President Nursultan Nazarbayev.

THE FIVE REFORMS AND 100 STEPS are a perfect response to the challenges of economic crisis an instrument to develop our country economy, to modernize our administrative and judicial system and to make Kazakhstan a member of the elite club of 30 most developed nations by 2030.

During an hour-long expose all the provision of H.E. President Nursultan Nazarbayev ambitious reform plans and responded to a session of questions from Romanian MP`s.

The questions concentrated on the different economic aspects, on the preparation stages for World Expo 2017 and regarding the main investment objectives outlined by in the FIVE REFORMS visionary plan.

Kazakhstan Ambassador Daulet Batrashev outlines for the benefit of Romanian MP`s the content of the FIVE REFORMS program: a program that will put Kazakhstan on the top 30 of the world most developed countries.


The open session of the Parliament dedicated to Kazakhstan FIVE REFORMS by President Nursultan Nazarbayev was concluded with the speech of Professor dr. Anton Caragea-President General Director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation.

IRICE President remarked the fact that: Kazakhstan diplomats and personalities become regular guests on the rostrum of the parliament.

What ever the government or the parliamentary majority, the friendship with Kazakhstan remains a permanence and a priority because the Romanian people itself is feeling a deep connection with the people of Kazakhstan.

Everybody wants a photo with Kazakhstan Ambassador !

This time in the center: Senator Eugen Tapu Nazare, President of the Parliament Committee on Economy, Industry and Services.


Today we have gathered here, in the temple of Romanian high politics and democracy: The Parliament, in order to acknowledge o a document of real world significance-the FIVE REFORMS by President Nursultan Nazarbayev concluded Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.


Romanian Parliament received, on 30 November 2014, H.E. Ambassador Daulet Batrashev on presentation visit and expressed the full support of the highest political body of Romania for Kazakhstan vision and for President Nursultan Nazarbayev world policy.

In December 2014, the Romanian Parliament was the only Parliament that publicly read out the message of H.E. President Nursultan Nazarbayev on Nurly Zhol reform plan.

In March 2015, the Romanian Parliament hosted an international conference on Assembly of Peoples of Kazakhstan considering it as a perfect model for creating national unity and an harmonious society.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on November 22, 2015 at 6:55 AM


Thursday, 19 November 2015 at the headquarter of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation has taken place the analyses of the dire situation of the Romanian economy as revealed in the latest United Nations preliminary assessment by Philip Alston.

The conference has united economical experts from Romania and European Union, economical supervisors and personalities of political, economical and academic life of Romania.

The most important topic was highlighting the negative effects of publicising doctored report about Romanian economic development, reports that are having no bases in real economy and are reminiscent of the communist time distorsion of economic figures.

Romanian economy is in deep crisis and poverty, and no amount of lies and propaganda can change this fact, and the latest popular revolt was triggered by this official politic of economic lies, was the conclusion of the debate.


2009- 2014 –the first stage of world crisis and impact on Romanian economy.



Three hundred economists, bankers and economic journalists attended the economic conference.

The conference started with an evaluation of the first wave of impact of economic crisis in the recent period: 2009-2014.


In 2012-2014 the economist stated in a voice that: the economic crisis has affected the vital areas of economic life: the collapse has started with construction industry and construction material factories and collapse continued by the real estate market shrinking.

Others affected sectors where: insurance, banking and stock exchange and in all the financial sector was strongly shaken down.

The consumer confidence has fallen sharply and the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has being reduced with 10% in 2010 and 8% in 2011 to decrease further with margins between 2-3% in 2013 and 2014.

The decrease in Romanian economy has being so devastating, today we are below the 1996 level-the record law of Romanian economy.

Unfortunately, the economic collapse of 2012-2014 has laid the foundation for a crisis without equivalent in Romanian history that will affect the country in 2015.

2012-2014: The period of economic disaggregation of Romanian economy.

2012 and 2014 will be remembered as the worst years of recent economic turmoil in Romania, had appreciated in one voice all the experts present at the gathering.

In 2013 and 2014 the Romanian economy had started to show signs of deep financial crisis.

The banking and insurance system has being especially hard hit and this had made the fragile Romanian economy to reach the breaking point. The inflation had resurfaced and the experts appreciate that a 10% percent yearly inflation is unavoidable.

The resurgence of inflation had put a dramatic pressure on population economy and had made any recovery unthinkable for the next 4-8 years.

The collapse in economic system, the fact that internal and external investments had being reduced to minimum, the credit on internal market has being practically suspended, all this factors had provoked for 2012-2014 a record economic decrease of more than 15% of GDP or even 18% of GDP after others opinions.

A factor not to be neglected in amplification of the crisis is the governmental incompetence that by increasing the taxes, legislative chaos and a deliberate politics of destroying the middle class investors in the favor of big companies succeeded only to aggravate the economic crisis.

2016 – The maximum point of economic crisis.

The 2016 will be a decisive year when Romanian society with 70% of population living below poverty line will be confronted by the ripple effects of European meltdown.

Until now the Romanian economy was hit hard by his own faults like: reduced productivity and competitiveness, chaos in the governmental policy, crippling inflation etc.


In 2015 Romania was affected by the decay in European economic activity, effects of anti-Russian sanction and the redraw of investor from the Eastern Europe market in the aftermath of Greece and Hungary crisis.

Crisis hit Spain, Greece, and Ireland and slowing down economy of Germany, France and Great Britain, will impact negative on Romanian chances to get access to European funds and foreign investments.

Romanian economy and policy maker are not yet conceptual prepared to understand that Romanian EU membership had become a liability and a negative factor in the future of Romania, appreciated the representative of Foreign Export Company Association Mr. Marcel Alexandru.

The negative impact of European Union financial and confidence crisis will account for a 2-5% percent reduction in Romanian GDP this year.

2016 will be without a doubt a period of a new catastrophic decline.

It must be very clear, all economic experts underlined, that the present economic decline will last for at least a decade at European level, so all those opinions that declared that Romania will start a new economic growth before the next 10 years; either don’t know what they are saying, either are bluntly laying.

All the European statistics are speaking about the lost decade of Europe between 2010 and 2020 , term referring to the blocking of economic development at continental level and the frozen of present situation for a decade.

Those that are declaring that Romania will surpass the period of recovering of France or Great Britain economy , are telling stories that are unbelievable , stated chief economist Mihail Raceanu. What is important is to succeed that we have in 2015 a decrease in real economy of less than 10% and in the interval between 2015 and 2019 to stop the decline and in 2020 to start the recovery.

2016 budget-A budget of economic crisis.

In 2015 the Romanian economy is coming to the fore not only with the negatives trends of the last years and a crippling luck of funding and investment but also with a budget of austerity that will direct Romania to plunge into a new economic meltdown.

The 2015 budget is impacting Romanian economic stability and is giving a sign of chaos in the government economic policy.

The 2016 budget expected deficit of 2, 1% percent of GDP it not offering any chance for a real economic recovery, massive investment projects are abandoned and the decline in the economy is estimated by independent economist around 3-6% percent of the GDP by the year’s end.

What is dramatic, is the reduction in the direct investment in the economy, with less than 1 billion euro investment planned for this year, the Romanian economy had to struggle for sustainability.

Reduced foreign investment and dramatically shrinking internal private investment means that Romania will have now more that 2 billion euro (in an optimistic assessment) for investment programs.

The country needs at least 20 billion per year to modernize the economy and to have a decent growth rate of 1-2% percent per year.

The present day budget of 2015 is not only of severe austerity, but of severe contraction, stated the economists present at the meeting.

Romanian economy recovery post-poned to 2050.

This assessment was a strong one, keeping in mind that the pre-crisis governmental statistic declared that in 2025 Romania will succeed in recuperating the gap and reach the level of industrial activity prior to 1989 Revolution.

This perspective is no longer feasible, a new perspective is appearing after the crisis and after the lost decade and a cumulative GDP decrease of more than 60% from 2007 economy level.

The economic recession will make it hard for Romanian economy to recuperate the last loses in the context of zero governmental involvement, the general economic climate of recession and finally the worst factor of all: the burden of external debt.

The collapse in economic system, the internal and external investments will be reduced to minimum, the credit on internal market will be suspended and all this will provoke this year an economic decrease of more than 5% of GDP or even 8% of GDP after others opinions.

External debt risk can plunge Romania into financial meltdown.

The fear factor that will suffocate Romanian economy in the next period will be, after 2015, the foreign debt crisis.

The government has careless accepted more than 36 billion dollars credit and in total: the private and state debt of Romania is reaching the unbelievable sum of 95 billion dollars, this only if the government will no longer accept new loans.

Despite the writing on the wall, in all of cases like: Greece, Spain and Ireland, Romania is accepting new loans from International Monetary Fund, loans that will not be invested in developing and modernizing the economy but in salaries and pensions.

This consumer invested loans at extortionate interest rates, will suffocate completely an ailing and failed economy as Romanian economy is.

Another gloomy factor is the unemployment: with a rate of registered unemployment of more than 15% of the active population and with another 15% percent of the population already left out of the governmental unemployment aid, Romania tops many EU member countries with a real unemployment figure of more than 30% of the population.

This figure must be put in perspective with more that 70% of the population below the poverty line and the full picture of the economic meltdown and social tragedy could be analyzed.

Romania economy is in crises and no plans for a future development had being adopted.

2015: The economic crisis.

The conclusion of the most important economic experts in Romania was clear: the crisis is not over by far, but has entered in a more difficult phase that will affect financial and banking system and economic fundament`s.

The economic crisis will continue until 2017 at the earliest and a coming back cycle that will last until 2025.

This decade will be, without a doubt, the lost decade of Romania, but if the necessary measures are not rapidly taken to re-establish control on economic decline than we risk that Romania economy will not come back not even in 2025.

The situation is made even worst by the fact that: Romanian leaders are in denial in regard to the social and economic crisis of the country as UN rapporteur Philip Alston stated.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on October 13, 2015 at 3:50 PM


by Ambassador of Kazakhstan Daulet Batrashev on the Conference dedicated to the celebration of the 550th anniversary of the foundation of the Kazakh Khanate (Statehood)


Sultans Zhanibek and Kerey-the founding fathers of Kazakh Khanate in Taraz-1465

October, 6, 2015

Targoviste city

Your Excellencies,

Dear friends!

This is a highly symbolic year for all citizens of my country.

It was exactly 550 years ago, in the center of the Eurasian continent, that our ancestors founded the Kazakh Khanate, a great creation of the nomadic civilization.

It was the starting point in the centuries-long nationhood of our people, which has found its fullest expression in the modern country named Kazakhstan.

As our head of the state, Nursultan Nazarbayev has written: “Assessing Kazakh history, we must abandon the many stereotypes and instead understand properly what aspects of traditional Kazakh society have ‘imprinted’ themselves into our modern nation.”

It is this centuries-long period of the history of our country that laid the foundation not only of our modern state but also of our multi-vector foreign policy.

The Kazakh Khanate was not, of course, the first chapter in the history of the Kazakh people.

It was heir to the Great Steppe empires – the Turkic Kaganate (of the 6th to 8th centuries) and Eke Mongol Ulus (the Great Empire of Genghis Khan).

However, their origins and development can be traced much further back in time.

The ancient history of the Great Eurasian steppe zone is primarily a history of militant nomadic tribes.

The current territory of Kazakhstan were lands inhabited by Iranian-speaking and Turkic-speaking tribes: the Saka, Kangly, Usuns and Huns.

These ethnic groups had to permanently overcome the twists and turns of war, established diplomatic relations, concluded trade agreements, struck political and military alliances, to extend permanently the territorial framework for the future Kazakh state of today.

Even in the second half of the 5th century BC the man known as the Father of History, the Greek author Herodotus described the vast eastern country of Scythia, which would be also known as “the country of Saka people”.

Ancient Persian sources placed Saka, the population of Great Steppe, to the north of the Amudarya and Syrdarya rivers.

The Saka civilization to the west was in contact with the Ancient Greeks and to the east with the Chinese.

The Silk Road was crossing the heartland of Kazakh Khanate


To the south, the Saka’s nomadic country of Turan bordered Iran, the land of Indo-Aryan people.

It was this era when the Silk Road, the trade artery linking the early civilizations of East and West first began to emerge.

We also saw the rise of the first political entities within the present territory of Kazakhstan.

Some historians cite Zoroastrianism’s sacred book of Avesta to point to a state named Kangkha in the midstream of the Syrdarya River around the 7th and 6th centuries BC.

According to ancient Chinese document, the Book of Han, roughly the same areas were occupied in the 2nd century BC by the State of Kangyui.

A successor to the political traditions of the Saka tribes, covering roughly the lands of modern-day southeastern Kazakhstan and northern Kyrgyzstan, was the State of Usun.

The arrival of the Great Empire of Huns signaled a milestone in the ethnic, cultural and political development of the people of this land.

In the middle of the 6th century, a decisive role in the development of language, culture and the worldview of the tribes inhabiting Kazakhstan was played by the Turk Empire or Turkic Kaganate (referred to in written sources as “Turkic El”;), a major power of the Early Middle Age.

The first kagans’ policies were so in tune with the interests of all Turkic tribes that the limits of their authority quickly expanded as far as the Black Sea in the west and the Great Wall of China in the east.

Based on authoritative historical sources, President Nazarbayev has written, “The first Turkic Empire (552-603) was part of the system of political and economic relations between Byzantium, Iran and China.

President Nursultan Nazarbayev has succeeded in putting in the center of the modern Kazakhstan the values of history and tradition

In its heyday, the Turkic Empire stretched from Manchuria to the Gulf of Kerch and from the Yenisei River to the Amu Darya. Therefore Turkic Kagans became the creators of the first Eurasian empire”.

According to both medieval and modern historians, the Turkic states were the direct successors of the Hun Empire.

The Turks, drawing on the achievements of western and eastern nations, created a distinctive culture with its own writing system, the so-called Orkhon-Yenisei runic script.

Being at the crossroads of different religions, such as Tengrism, Christianity, and Buddhism, the Turkic Kaganate also played a huge role in their subsequent development.

Following the collapse of the Turkic Kaganate, a series of new ethno-political unions of Turkic tribes emerged one after another.

In the area of the Irtysh River, the State of Kimaks appeared in the late 8th century.

Its fall was caused by a powerful wave of migration from the east and in the middle of the 9th century began the rise of Kypchaks.

Eventually they occupied much of Eurasia’s Great Steppe, with its borders stretching from the Irtysh to the west as far as the Danube’s mouth, with the entire area labeled in Arabic and Persian sources of the period as Desht-i Kypchak (or the Kypchak Steppe).

In Russian sources, the Kypchaks were called Polovtsy and European ones named them Kumans or Kuns.

During the 12th and 13th centuries in Desht-i Kypchak there was a migration of large masses of the population.

The Kypchak confederation was a set of clans and tribes, brought together by both military and economic factors and from which the cultural and linguistic unity of the people gradually emerged.

The fundamental transformation of political and cultural values, economic and ethnic components of Eurasian political entities came in the 13th century after the unification of the entire nomadic Central Asian peoples under the Mongol Empire or Horde led by Genghis Khan.

This emerged following the Supreme congress of nomadic tribes or QURULTAY – in 1206.

Kazakhstan Ambassador-Daulet Batrashev presents a detailed outline of the importance and significance of 550 years of Kazakhstan history

Renowned early 20th century Russian historian of Central Asia Vasily Bartold highlighted the deep connections between the Turkic Kaganate and Genghis Khan’s Empire.

According to him, the numerically dominant Turkic-speaking tribes gradually assimilated the core group of Mongolian-speaking warriors in central parts of the Eurasian plains to shape new state entities in the Great Steppe.

Another milestone event for the future of the Kazakh Khanate was the partition of the empire of Genghis Khan into several smaller informal states.

Among them, perhaps the largest was the Golden Horde (Altyn Orda) managed by the descendants of his eldest son Juchi.

The Golden Horde was the first centralized state in post-Mongol period that included most of the modern Kazakhstan’s territories.

Initially part of the Mongol Empire, it was under the control of Genghis Khan’s grandson, Batu (1242-1256), who behaved essentially as an independent ruler.

The key principles of nomadic statehood, which were laid in the foundation of the Golden Horde, were relevant for several other political entities, which developed from Genghis Khan’s descendants in the Great Steppe including the White Horde, the Abulkhair Khanate, Moghulistan, and eventually, the Kazakh Khanate.

Unlike in the previous era, each of these had a number of important features as they emerged largely or exclusively on the territory of modern Kazakhstan.

They had similar political structures and far-reaching similarities in their economic and cultural development.

In addition, they had common dynastic origin, sharing the tradition derived from Gengis Khan and his descendants of the exclusive right of authority.

In the broader historical context, the remarkable civilization of the Great Eurasian Steppe in the medieval period left its imprint on the development of many of its neighbors too including Iran, China, India, Byzantium, Russia and the countries of Eastern Europe.

It was on the basis of the nomadic civilization that the Kazakh people’s first formalized state emerged and on which the best traditions and accomplishments of political, economic, social and cultural development of the peoples inhabiting the lands of modern-day Kazakhstan are now based.

The new state’s very name – the Kazakh Khanate – confirmed the emergence of a new and hitherto unknown political entity in the 15th century’s historical arena.

The 16th century Central Asian historian Mirza Mohammed Haydar Dulati reported that the Kazakh Khanate was formed in autumn 1465 in the valleys of rivers Chu and Talas in the modern Zhambyl Region in South and South-Eastern Kazakhstan.

This followed the migration of numerous tribes led by the sultans Kerei and Zhanibek that rebelled against the despotic rule of Abulkhair Khan from the rival dynastic branch of Shaibanids.

With the consolidation of the new state, a centralized system of political authority was established in the Great Steppe.

The fall of the Shaybanid dynasty cleared the path for the establishment of Kazakh Khanate and for three centuries of stability in Central Asia under the kazakh control.

Legislative and executive powers were concentrated in the hands of a supreme ruler – Khan, who also performed the duties of a military commander.

The executive and legislative powers of Khan were regulated by such legislative acts of the Kazakhs as the QASYM KHANNYN QASQA ZHOLY (Kassym Khan’s Trodden Path), ESIM KHANNYN ESKI ZHOLY (Esim Khan’s Old Path), and ZHETI ZHARGY (Seven Laws).

These were official documents that regulated public policy and society’s functioning in general.

In turn, these laws were based on the centuries-old customs and traditions of the people.

These codes shaped the public administration of the Kazakh State and defined the concept of “Steppe Democracy.”

The Kazakh society had the right to openly regulate the complicated issues of domestic and foreign policy by electing judges – BIYS, who represented the people’s interests.

A special role in strengthening the Kazakh Khanate, promoting the idea of unity and spreading its message to the people as a whole was played by spiritual leaders – storytellers – ZHYRAUS and AKYNS, as well as musicians – KUISHI.

Through their works, they raised issues such as the power and responsibility of the KHANS, BIYS, and BATYRS (knights) in securing the independence of the people.

They also drew attention to the importance of foreign policy and international relations, as well as educating the younger generation.

Founded in 1465, the Kazakh Khanate over two and a half centuries evolved. Its economic, political and cultural policies developed and strengthened.

Timely changes helped strengthen the national spirit of the Kazakh people.

In the 16th century, the Kazakh Khanate was already known throughout much of Eurasia.

According to the renowned Russian scholars Vladimir Dahl and Nikolay Baskakov, the ethnic name of “Kazakh” has Turkic origins.

In old Turkic sources the concept of “qazaqlyq” was used as a symbol of freedom and the free way of life.

As Baskakov noted, all interpretations of the word “Kazakh” are related to each other and have common roots, which mean an “independent person”.

He wrote, “the same meaning is associated with the name of Turkic nationality – Kazakhs – and it means a free and independent nomad”.

The early 16th century source known as Zayn ad-Din Vasifi’s “Badai Al-wakai” labelled the lands ruled by Kazakh khans as “Kazakhstan”.

The map drawn in 1562 based on information collected by the English traveller and diplomat Anthony Jenkinson – the envoy in Moscow for the English Queens Mary and later Elizabeth the First named the vast land between “Tashkent” in the south and “Siberia” in the north as “Cassackia”.

The greatest political prominence and territorial expansion of the Kazakh Khanate was under the reigns of Khan Qasym who ruled between 1511 and 1523 and later Khan Khak-Nazar who ruled between 1538 and 1580.

During these periods, the Kazakh khans pursued active, independent domestic and foreign policies.

They ruled the lands between the Caspian Sea to the Altay Mountains, an area quite similar in its shape to the outline of modern Kazakhstan.

Already during this period, foreign policy was determined by a number of important directions, or vectors, which would find their continuation later.

It was during this time, for instance, that early diplomatic relations were established with Russia.

By the 17th century, the process of forming a single nation was generally complete.

As a result, all Turkic and non-Turkic tribes of Central Asia, ruled by the Kazakh Khanate, consolidated into an entity known as Kazakhs.

Ethnic traditions, customs, a common religion, language and culture were established.

The Kazakh Khanate’s rulers and their people fought hard to preserve the integrity of their national territory.

It was only through the unity of the Kazakh people that external aggression, civil strife and separatist tendencies of individual rulers could be overcome.

We must not also forget the Steppe diplomacy that successfully operated across the vast lands of Eurasia.

The Kazakh Khanate gradually but confidently emerged as an independent force in international relations.

The Kazakh State rulers carried out their foreign policy by diplomatic activity based on rules drawn up from their practical experiences of negotiations with representative of other states.

Only a nation with genes of peacefulness, good-neighbourliness and tolerance in its blood could have safeguarded such a vast territory through the art of diplomacy.

These have become the principles of a multi-vector policy, balance and pragmatism of contemporary Kazakh diplomacy.

The Kazakh Khanate’s history was, however, cut short by a number of negative factors.

In particular, military forces were depleted as a result of the bloody defensive wars of 17th and 18th centuries against a powerful nomadic Empire of the Jungars and the parallel expansion of a new dominant power in Eurasia – the Russian Empire.

It was the Russian Empire, which eventually incorporated lands of the Kazakh khanate – partly voluntarily, partly conquered by force of European weaponry, in the 130 years between 1731 and 1865.

Then followed a controversial, although not a totally negative, period of development under the rule of Russian Tsars.

In the early 20th century, when Russia faced a wave of revolutionary democratic activism, a fresh impetus for Kazakh statehood came from the activities of a new generation of Kazakh intellectuals.

This resulted in formation of the short-lived government of ALASH ORDA, with Alash being a synonym of the name Kazakh.

The All-Kazakh Congress, held in Orenburg city in 1917, created a territorial and national autonomy “Alash” embracing a number of regions with Kazakh population.

All executive powers were passed to the Temporary National Council of Alash Orda, which consisted of 25 members and was led by the eminent statesman, liberal politician, and true patriot Alikhan Bukeykhanov.

Assessing the significance of those events, President Nursultan Nazarbayev in his book “In the Stream of History” wrote that through the Government of Alash Orda: “The Kazakh nation obtained a real chance to reach its primary objective of recreating a national statehood.

However, the peaceful development of events was interrupted by a new crisis in the Russian society, which led to the establishment of a dictatorship of the Bolshevik party”.

Nevertheless, these new socio-political realities led to Kazakhstan having a chance to recapture some form of nationhood.

Milestone events in this process were the creation of the Kazakh Autonomous Soviet Republic in 1920 and of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic in 1936.

However, the truth is that autonomous Kazakh statehood existed only formally.

In reality, there was limited sovereignty and a significant dependence of its authorities first on the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and later on the Soviet Union’s leadership.

This all changed with the independence that Kazakhstan gained in 1991, which saw a new stage of Kazakh statehood.

This heralded dynamic political, economic, social and cultural development.

People throughout the world are now aware of our nation’s achievements during this period.

They include the move of our nation’s capital, hosting the OSCE Summit in Astana and the Congresses of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions, the triumph of our Olympic team in London 2012, and winning the right to host the EXPO 2017 in Astana.

In his 2012 State-of-the Nation Address, President Nazarbayev set out our country’s development strategy until 2050 to build on all we have achieved.

That is why the 550th anniversary of the first national state of the Kazakhs is so important to our country and people.

In September, with the participation of our President and many foreign visitors, there was a celebration of this significant historical milestone.

It will coincide with a major international conference, which will bring together scholars from around the world who study issues related to the history of the Kazakh khanate.

In October, the ancient city of Taraz in the south of our country will host further celebrations.

Taraz-the capital city of Kazakh Khanate and the place of the 1465 proclamation of the first Kazakh state by Sultans Zhanibek and Kerey (reconstruction)

Taraz is the capital of the region where the actual events of the formation of the Kazakh khanate took place.

There, on October 8, Kazakhstan will hold a big celebration under the open sky to recreate the atmosphere of those historic events that happened on this land 550 years ago.

Your Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen,

Thank you for listening to my attempt to explain the importance of the celebration of the 550th anniversary of the Kazakh khanate for our nation.

I believe this will help improve understanding of the history and identity of the people of Kazakhstan.

Let me end what has been a lengthier statement than usual.

Thank you for your attention. I would be delighted to answer any questions and to hear your opinions and comments on what I have said.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on October 12, 2015 at 2:15 PM

On 6 October 2015, the city of Targoviste had being the starting platform for the events, celebrating 550 of Kazakhstan statehood and continuous history.

The events are part of a two months awareness campaign, carved out by Romanian authorities, in the honor of the partnership between Romania and Kazakhstan.

Kazakhstan Ambassador Daulet Batrashev and IRICE President Director General-Anton Caragea at the entrance to the Royal Palace Compound of Targoviste City.

The campaign includes a series of conference, documentary film presentation and cultural activities and will be crowned out with a special journal publication, dedicated to the celebration of Kazakhstan remarkable history started 550 years ago.

The paraphernalia, marking the birth of Kazakhstan Khanate in 1465, kicked off in the formal royal capital of Romania: the medieval architectural and historical cluster city of Targoviste.

In the attendance of the CONFERENCE ON 550 YEARS OF KAZAKHSTAN HISTORY AND STATEHOOD where: the political leadership of the county, the prefect apparatus and the academic and scholar community of Targoviste.


Kazakhstan Ambassador-Daulet Batrashev receieve`s a warm welcome from the Valahia University leaders.

The representatives of Romanian government and political and academic community were headed by Professor Dr. Anton Caragea –President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation.

H.E.Daulet Batrashev-Kazakhstan Ambassador was welcomed on the premises by Mr. Calin Oros, Rector of Targoviste University and by Mrs. Gabriela Teodorescu-Vice-Chancellor of the University and the leaders of research institute and cultural and political science institutions of Romania.

Associate Professor Dr. Calin Oros, Valahia University Rector gives the opening speech for Kazakhstan 550 years historical conference.


Rector Calin Oros opened the Conference on 550 Years of Kazakhstan History by expressing his gratitude for the Embassy of Kazakhstan and for Romanian officials for choosing Targoviste, medieval capital of Romania in 1465, as the celebration stage for Kazakhstan.

Kazakhstan is today an exemplary country on economic achievements and cultural promotion.

Kazakhstan 550 years of celebration are a proof that the Central Asian country has reached not only economic power house status, but also the historical and political self-awareness status, reconnecting herself with history and tradition, concluded Targoviste university Rector Calin Oros.

Open stage applauses for H.E. Kazakhstan Ambassador-Daulet Batrashev detailed historical presentation.

H.E.Ambassador Daulet Batrashev presented afterwards a long and detailed presentation of Kazakhstan history from the first proto-states of medieval time to Genghis Khan Empire and to the crowning moment of 1465-the establishment of Kazakhs Khanate.

It was the starting point in the centuries-long national historical journey of our people, which has found its fullest expression in the modern country named Kazakhstan.

Describing the significance of the 1465 moment for Kazakhstan, Ambassador Daulet Batrashev noted: As our head of the state, Nursultan Nazarbayev has written: “Assessing Kazakh history, we must abandon the many stereotypes and instead understand properly what aspects of traditional Kazakh society have ‘imprinted’ themselves into our modern nation.”

In replay to the Kazakhstan Ambassador allocution, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea- IRICE President noted that: Kazakhstan is today a beckon of cultural prowess in central Asia region, is an example for the world in building an inclusive democratic system and a perfect economic mechanism, sharing benefit and prosperity across the nation.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and H.E. Ambassador Daulet Batrashev presenting their discourses about Kazakhstan historical birth-1465-Kazakh Khanate establishment.


In his historical presentation, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea highlighted the constructive role of Kazakh Khanate in preserving Silk Road economic importance, in insuring political stability in the Central Asian region for three centuries.

Celebrated figures like: Ablay Khan, Kerey and Zhanibek Sultans were presented in premiere for the Romanian attendance.

The Romanian political and diplomatic elite had watched selections from the historical documentary: Leader of the Turkic World, produced by the Kazakhstan Presidency Film Office.

Concluding the day-long conference dedicated to Kazakhstan, Mrs. Gabriela Teodorescu-Vice Chancellor, marked the moment as the most impressive historical and cultural conference, ever held in Romanian medieval capital of Targoviste.

The delegates of Romanian parliament, government and academic community led by Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and the Kazakhstan Embassy delegation, lead by Ambassador Daulet Batrashev where invited for a tour of the medieval city.

The delegates toured the medieval royal palace, the Tower of the Flame (Chindia) and the coronation cathedral of the Romanian leaders for the last 500 years.

The opening of the Kazakhstan 550 years celebration, in Romanian medieval capital of Targoviste, was considered by all present as the perfect coronation of the Romanian-Kazakhstan friendship and a perfect bridge over time binding together Europe and Central Asia.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on October 4, 2015 at 11:55 AM

The Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation (IRICE) welcomes the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and reiterates its commitment to work towards the implementation of the Goals.

Romania has adopted, on 25 September 2015, the action plan for the fulfillment of Sustainable Development Goals, alongside other 192 other countries during United Nations General Assembly.

17 main points on the Agenda of Sustainable Development Goal`s are promising abetter world for us all!

The new the Sustainable Development Goals come in continuation of the formerly known of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in the effort to steer the world in the directions of economic development, environmental protection, and human values respect.

The Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation has cooperated in the completion of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and is in acquiescence with the newly established Sustainable Development Goals, announces IRICE-President Director General (PDG) Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.

IRICE has contributed with significant global reach, and can make an important contribution to the achievement of the SDGs, particularly in the areas of job creation, sustainable consumption and production and the preservation of natural resources.

Issues such as: combating Romanian economic crisis and its crippling effects, address climate change, and especially poverty reduction and inclusive growth need to be at the center of Romanian development. Now that the Goals have been approved, it is time to step up our action, time to advance policies and business strategies that minimize the negative effects of Romanian economic crisis” said IRICE PDG, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.

IRICE-President Director General (PDG) Professor Dr. Anton Caragea signs the Development Goals Engagement.

The SDGs are carved as a universal 17-goal agenda and action plan for people, the planet and prosperity for all countries and require all stakeholders to act in collaborative partnerships.

The SDGs were approved by the 70th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, on 25 September 2015.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on October 4, 2015 at 6:55 AM

On 6 October 2015, Romania will mark, with an academic Conference and a line of official activities, the first celebration of Kazakhstan 550 years of statehood.

Kazakhstan is the main partner of Romania in Central Asian region and a privileged partner of strategic importance.

The official start of the celebration for 550 years of Kazakhstan history will take place in the presence of H.E. Daulet Batrashev-Kazakhstan Ambassador to Romania.

In September and October 2015, Kazakhstan will celebrate 550 year of national history, started from 1465, with the start of the national state construction, with the sultans Kerey and Zhanibek.

From this starting moment, Kazakh state become for 200 years, the unchallenged leader of Silk Road, a position that put under Kazakh state control, the fabulous financial reserves of this legendary trade road.

President of Kazakhstan-Nursultan Nazarbayev has launched a far-sighted program of national identity construction, based on historical analyses.


The decision to celebrate this fundamental historic moment for Central Asia, belonged to the President of Kazakhstan-Nursultan Nazarbayev and was adverted from 2014, together with the launch of the national construction program -Nurly Zhol.

Subsequently, 2015 become the year when Kazakhstan started to anchor himself to his long history, and 1465 become a water-shade moment, used to educate the Kazakh nation in the spirit of national pride and statehood spirit.

Hitherto, with a history started from 1465, Kazakhstan has become one of the longest surviving states of the area, a beacon of stability in Central Asia.

Romanian political, academic and diplomatic elite, decided to celebrate this important event in the history of our strategic partner-Kazakhstan, with an all-encompassing conference, that will be held in Romanian medieval capital-Targoviste.

The city of Targoviste is one of the main university centers of Romania, the second historical capital and in 1465 was the capital of then Romanian Principality, as the state was named then.

City of Targoviste-part of Diplomatic program-DISCOVER ROMANIA ! and medieval capital of Romanian Principalities.

Based on this rationale`s, The President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea has decided that this will be the perfect place to mark down the historical moment of 550 years historical celebrations of Kazakhstan and Romania.

We must also mention that: Targoviste City is inscribed in the diplomatic program Discover Romania! program destined to diplomatically outline the historical and cultural potential of Romania.

The 6 October conference, held under the banner of KAZAKHSTAN: 550 YEARS OF HISTORY AND STATEHOOD, will benefit from the presence of academic and political leaders of Romania, will be broadcasted at the television and is the first such conference in Romanian diplomatic life.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on August 2, 2015 at 7:25 AM

On the landmark occasion of the World Tourism Conference and African Investment Conference, a top ranking delegation, from Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, was invited for a discovery tour of Ethiopia, the receiver of this year most influential tourism designation.

A shakehand of friendship between Ethiopian Prime Minister-Academician Hailemariam Desalegn and IRICE President-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.

The visit took place between 9 to 16 July, 2015 and included an important political and diplomatic dimension.


Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation President -Professor Dr. Anton Caragea was holding discussions with Minister of Trade-Yaekob Yalla, Minister of Foreign Affairs-Berhane Gebre-Christos and Ministers of Culture and Tourism of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and an inclusive and profusely dialogue with Prime Minister of F.D.R. Ethiopia- Academician Hailemariam Desalegn.

Meeting at Minister of Trade: IRICE President-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea along side the leader of activities of Romanian Parliament in 2015-Senator Ionel Agrigoroaei.

The inclusive dialogue, concentrated on promoting bilateral trade, investment and economic cooperation, supporting business people and firms, from both regions, in cooperating and promoting the exchange of techniques, skills and economic goods.

On diplomatic arena an ample cooperation and further developing of honorary consul’s network across the world, was established, with a view to foster tourism, cultural and economic cooperation.


Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ethiopia, IRICE President-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, Senator Ionel Agrigoroaei, Academician Mircea Constantinescu, Chairman Mihail Prundianu and the rest of the delegation.

Creating a network of Ambassadors for Tourism and Culture, promoting tourism and the image of Ethiopia, where also tabled, based on other successful examples of actions carved by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation.

On July 10, 2015 the IRICE President presented the main speech of the world tourism ceremony titled: Ethiopia-the land chosen by God!

Senator Ionel Agrigoroaei, the leader in efficiency of Romanian Parliament, announced that: after receiving the letter destined to World Leaders of Tourism- Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn will be decorated with Romanian Parliament Medal.


Gala dinner in honor of President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Culture and Tourism and Prime Minister of Ethiopia-Academician Hailemariam Desalegn.

The world tourism ceremony included also folk dances, Ethiopian traditional coffee ceremony and academic presentations, supported by leading figures of Ethiopian cultural establishment.

The ceremony was live broadcasted and viewed by more than 200 million television viewers and will continued to be presented across Europe for the next year.

IRICE President-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea looking at Imperial capital city: AXUM.

From 10th July 2015, the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation President and his delegation embarked in a cultural and tourism program visiting: Axum-the first capital of Christian Africa and the centre of a world power in 100 to 400 BC, that controlled trade across the Red Sea.

In Axum, the delegation visit the royal tombs, the Church of the Arch of Covenant, the Saint Mary Imperial Basilica, where the emperors of Ethiopia were crowned.

Axum – cathedral of Saint Mary, the coronation place for Ethiopian emperors.

Specially for the delegates, were opened the gates of the imperial museum, containing the priceless treasures of Ethiopian emperors from garments, to crowns adorned with jewels and the robes used for imperial investiture.

From Axum, the old imperial city, the delegation lead by IRICE President Anton Caragea has being directed to Gondar, the capital of Ethiopia from XVII century to XIX century.


Here they have a chance to admire the fiery Amharic dances, in a wonderful welcoming ceremony, offered by the local authorities, enjoyed the fabulous gondarine cuisine at famous Four sisters’ restaurant and toured the imperial city.


Colorful welcoming at Gondar with traditional dances!


Gondar is also world renamed for his architecture and for housing almost ten emperors, in a period of glory for Abyssinia, as Ethiopia was known in that time.


Garnering Portuguese influence, with Indian and English architectural designs, Gondar is nicknamed as African Camelot for his strange, but perfect architecture.

Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation delegates were received with a religious ceremony in Lalibela, the holiest Christian city in Africa, and the second Jerusalem, as in worldly known.

More than 5000 pilgrims, priests and deacons, welcomed President Dr. Anton Caragea and offered to him and his delegation, special ceremonial robes, to mark their entrance in the holy city.

Holding the famous speech: To the Peoples of Lalibela!

On this occasion, IRICE President Anton Caragea held his gratitude speech known as: To the People of Lalibela, a discourse that quickly captured the imagination of the inhabitants of Lalibela.

An impressive tour of six of the eleven rock-hewn churches was conducted, including the famous grave of Saint Lalibela, the church of Medhane Alem (Our Saviour) and Holy Cross Church.

In the final leg of the trip, Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation President and his party were treated with a wonderful welcoming to the bustling and sunny south of Ethiopia and with his famous Lake District city of Hawassa.



Warm welcoming to Hawassa with the Head of SNNPRS State!

The delegates were welcomed to music and a fire display by the Head of Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State of Ethiopia and enjoyed a tour of Lake Hawassa, a discovery of the city landmarks and a special night show that touched their hearts.

A special surprised was offered by HE. Minister of Culture and Tourism of Ethiopia, Amin Abdulkadir who arranged, for IRICE President Dr. Anton Caragea delegation, a special discovery tour of Harar-the fourth most holy Islamic site.


Visiting UNESCO city: Harar-the 4th holy islamic site.

The city comprises more than 82 mosques and 4000 saints tombs known in the Islamic world as Medinat Al Awliya- the city of saints and a UNESCO heritage site.

The delegates were welcomed with a coffee ceremony and a tour of famous city enclosure, known as Jugal, and a visit to famous French poet Arthur Rimbaud house in Harar.


A moment of relaxation in a traditional harari house-Gay Ger.

The visit, to extraordinary city of Harar, was a perfect gift for our delegates, appreciated Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.


Family photo: Ethiopia government headed by Prime Minister-Academician Hailemariam Desalegn and Romanian delegation headed by IRICE President-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.

The delegation official visit to Ethiopia, is a sign of the country inclusive development, political, clout and prominence in Africa, and a mark of the country taking the rightful place that is deserves, amidst the most cultural and historical developed country in the world, concluded his remarks, IRICE President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on July 30, 2015 at 5:45 PM

The 100 concrete steps set out by President Nursultan Nazarbayev to implement the five institutional reforms

(20 May 2015)

Five institutional reforms:

Creation of a modem and professional civil service

Ensuring the rule of law

Industrialization and economic growth

A unified nation for the future

Transparency and accountability of the state


Modern state for all.


Today Kazakhstan is offering development and a decent life to all his citizens and the future will be even better.



Reforming recruitment to the civil service. Recruitment to the civil service must start from junior positions.

Recruitment and promotion must be based on a competency-based approach and merit.

Creation of a centralized selection process for new entrants to prevent corruption and strengthen the role of the civil service agency. Implementation of a three staged selection process.

Introduction of a mandatory probation period for new entrants to the civil service for the first time. A 3+3 system will be implemented, with (evaluations and reviews taking place after three and six months).

Salary increases for civil servants performing outstanding work.

Transition to salary increases based on performance and results. Performance will be evaluated on the basis of: achievement of annual objectives for civil servants; achievement of strategic plans for state agencies; indicators of good quality of public services for ministers and Akims (governors), including standard of living and attracting investments; positive macroeconomic indicators for government officials.

Civil service salaries will in the future be adjusted to take into account location.

Mandatory provision of state housing for civil servants on duty. Houses will continue to belong to the state without any right of private ownership.

Introduction of legislation to provide training for civil servants and professional development courses at least once every three years.

Moving to a competitive based system for promotion within the civil service. Strengthening the principle of meritocracy by promoting only through competition among junior civil servants.

Recruitment of foreign managers, experts from the private sector and staff from international organizations when needed for specialist roles. This will make the civil service open and competitive.

Implementation of new standards through the development of a civil service code of ethics overseen by a special commissioner.

Strengthening the fight against corruption, including development of new legislation. Establishment of a special unit in the Agency for Civil Service Affairs and Fighting Corruption dealing with systemic prevention and measures against corruption.

Adoption of a new law on civil service, applicable to employees of all state agencies, including law enforcement.

Comprehensive performance reviews of all existing civil servants following the adoption of a new law on civil service, the strengthening of qualification requirements and introduction of a new system for pay.



Improvement of the justice system to ensure citizens have access to justice. Transition from existing five-level justice system (first instance, appellate, cassation, supervisory and second supervisory) to a streamlined three-level system (first, appellate, cassation).

Stricter qualification requirements and candidate selection process for judicial posts. They will be required to have five years’ experience in the justice system with the introduction of case study tests to assess skills and suitability. Candidates for judicial posts will work as interns in courts for a year with scholarships provided. After the completion of this internship program, judges will have a one-year probation period.

Separation of the Institute of Justice from the Academy of Public Administration in order to strengthen links between learning and judicial practice. This Institute will function under the Supreme Court and will ensure the professional development of judges.

Strengthening accountability of judges. Development of a new code of ethics for judges, which can be used by citizens to appeal a specially established judicial board under the Supreme Court against judges’ actions that they consider improper.

Mandatory implementation of audio and video recording of all judicial processes and hearings. A judge must not stop the recording or edit audio and video materials.

More use of jury service in trials. An implementation of a legal definition of categories of criminal cases, where a jury trial must be mandatory.

Ensuring an improved balance between prosecution and defense in courts by gradually transferring to the judge the authority to authorize investigations, which limit constitutional rights of citizens.

Establishing separate judicial proceedings to consider disputes related to investment. A special investment board will be set up in the Supreme Court to examine major cases.

Establishing an AIFCinternational arbitration Centre in Astana, modelled on the experience in Dubai.

Establishing an international council, with leading foreign judges and lawyers, under the Supreme Court to implement best international standards. The council will advise the Supreme Court on improving Kazakhstan’s judiciary.

Reducing the role of the prosecutor in civil trials to speed up the judicial process. This will require necessary amendments to the code of civil procedure.

Further developing bailiff services in the private sector with the gradual reduction in the number of state bailiff services.

Improvement of the appointment process of police officers to ensure it is based on competency. Introduction of new tests for new candidates and existing police officers to assess personal qualities and professional skills.

Appointing staff of law enforcement agencies to the state service system. Introducing common rules of service, those to take into account features of each law enforcement agency.

Establishing a local police service accountable to local executive agencies and the local community. Responsibilities of local police will include ensuring public order, traffic control, preventing domestic violence and preventing minor offences.

Traffic wardens will be provided with video recorders, which will register everything that a police officer does during the shift.

Ensuring police transparency by establishing public councils, which examine citizens’ appeals against actions by police officers who violate ethical standards. The status and mandate of public councils will be enshrined in the legislation.

Creating an internet portal based on the national information centre “map of criminal offences”. This map will display all offences committed in the country no later than a week after the crime took place to help increase public accountability and police effectiveness.

Establishing an effective system of rehabilitation for citizens released from prisons and registered by the probation service. Development of a comprehensive strategy for social rehabilitation and a standard for special social services.

Modernization of prison infrastructure through public-private partnerships. International experience will be studied to see how the private sector can be engaged to invest in building, maintaining and managing prisons.





Privatising agricultural land in order to improve its efficient use. Introducing amendments to the land code and other legal acts.

Improving the procedure of changing the purpose of land use. Regular monitoring of agricultural land use and the transfer of all unused lands to the state to allow further privatization.

Improvement of tax and customs policies and procedures. Reduction of number of customs rates of the Single Customs Tariff through the ‘0-5-12’ model within homogeneous products groups of 6 items of the FEACN.

Implementing the “single window” principle for exporters and importers during customs procedures. Development of the electronic declaration system to enable the automated clearance of goods and reduction in the number of documents needed for export and import and their processing time.

Integrating customs and tax systems. To ensure proper taxation, importers will be tracked from the moment goods enter Kazakhstan until their sale.

Introducing “Post Factum” mode of the custom clearance. Providing participants an opportunity to produce goods prior to the submission of declaration for goods.

Simplification of legalization procedure for property and money. Introducing amendments and additions to the existing legislation.

Introduction from January 1, 2017, of the universal tax declaration of incomes and expenditures for civil servants with expansion over time to all citizens.

Establishment of centres for processing tax declarations.

These will have access to the archive of electronic documents of tax payers. The introduction of the risk management system will see citizens rated against tax control risks. After the first application, the individual will not be reviewed again for three years.

Improvement of indirect taxation mechanisms. This will include detailed consideration of introducing sales tax instead of value added tax.

Improvement of current tax regimes with mandatory introduction of tax registration for incomes and expenditures.

Improvement of processing permits. Introduction of the three-stage process of receiving construction permit (“30-20-10”   The first level is the issuance of an architectural and planning assignment, which will take up to 30 days. The second stage is agreement of the project design (layout), which will take up to 20 days. The third stage is the permit itself, which will take up to 10 days.

Stage-by stage removal of the state monopoly of assessing pre-design and design documentation. This role will be transferred to the private sector.

Introducing an effective method of estimating costs of construction. A new pricing method in construction will improve the estimation of construction costs at current prices with actual market value of materials, products, equipment, and salary, and will ensure prompt updating of costing standards.

Replacing old and obsolete construction standards and rules used since the Soviet period with the eurocodes system. Adoption of new regulations will allow the use of innovative technologies and materials, increase the competitiveness of Kazakhstan’s experts on the construction services market, and will provide an opportunity for Kazakh companies to access foreign construction services markets.

Reorganization of electric power industry. Introduction of a single purchasing agent. This will help decrease the difference in tariffs between the regions.

Expanding regional electricity network companies. This will help to increase reliability of energy supplies, reduce costs of supplying electricity to other regions and prices for consumers.

Implementation of new electricity tariffs to attract investments to the industry. The new tariff will cover both the financing of capital expenditure and generating costs for the power used.

Reforming the work of the antimonopoly committee and aligning it with the OECD standards. The committee must be focused on the promotion of competition between businesses.

Strengthening the institute of the business ombudsman to protect the interests of entrepreneurs. The institute will include business representatives and the national chamber of entrepreneurs.

Attracting at least ten international companies to the processing sector to produce export goods and ensure Kazakhstan’s access to global markets. Promoting new opportunities to international businesses at international economic forums.

Establishment of joint ventures in the priority sectors of the economy with “anchor investors” – international strategic partners (as currently practiced by Air Astana and Tengizchevroil). In the future, the state’s share in these joint ventures will be floated as the IPO. Establishment of a favorable migration regime, based on the experience of the US, Canada and Australia, to attract high-quality international experts.

Attracting strategic (anchor) investors, who have successful experience in creating tourist clusters.

Attracting strategic (anchor) investors to establish a single operator maintaining and developing road infrastructure.

Attracting strategic investors to the energy saving industry. Their main task will be to encourage the development of companies in the private sector to provide energy saving services with the return of their expenditures and financial profit arriving from the reduction of energy costs.

Attracting strategic investors to develop dairy production. The main task will be to export up to half of the produced goods to the CIS countries within three years. The work will be based on the experiences of New Zealand’s Fronterra and Denmark’s Arla, with the development of cooperative production taking place in rural areas.

Attracting strategic investors to develop production and processing of meat. The main task is the development of raw materials for production and export of processed products.

Kazakhstan of today can be summarize in two words: development and prosperity.


Implementation of the “national champions” initiative with the focus on supporting leaders of medium-sized businesses in non-resource based sectors of the economy. This will provide an opportunity to create competency centres where aspiring businesspeople can learn the necessary skills.

Development of two innovative clusters to accelerate the creation of a knowledge-based economy. Scientific centers and laboratories will be established at the Astana business campus of the Nazarbayev University to conduct joint scientific and research projects, their development, testing and commercialization. They will be encouraged to cooperate with local and foreign high-tech companies.

Development of the law “On commercialization of the results of science and (or) science and technical activities”, which defines the process of financing innovation in industry. The focus of scholarly grant and program structure will be reformed to reflect the needs of the State Program of Accelerated Industrial and Innovative Development.

Further integration of Kazakhstan into the international transport and communication routes. Launch of the project to establish a multi-modal “Eurasian transcontinental transport corridor”, which will allow free transit of freights from Asia to Europe. The transport corridor will include routes through Kazakhstan, Russia and further into Europe; through Kazakhstan from Khorgos to the Aktau port and through the Caspian Sea to Azerbaijan, and Georgia. We will aim to work with the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.

Establishment of an international aviation hub. With the participation of a strategic investor, a new international airport of the highest international standards will be built near Almaty.

Establishing “Air Astana” and “KTZ” as major international operators. “Air Astana” will focus on international routes and open new routes to major financial centers of the world (New York, Tokyo, Singapore). Development of “Air Astana” will be carried out in accordance with plans by “KTZ” to develop alternative routes, which will help reduce the cost of freight shipments by more than half.

Improve the effectiveness of the state air transport management to increase attractiveness of air transit through Kazakhstan. Activities of the Civil Aviation Committee will be focused on the model of the UK civil aviation authority and the European aviation safety agency.

Making Astana a Eurasian business, cultural and scientific centre, attracting researchers, students, entrepreneurs, tourists from the region. A modern international transport and logistics system, including a new terminal at the airport will be established in the city.

Tourism in Kazakhstan-a way further for the country!


Establishing the Astana International Financial Centre (AIFC), and giving it a special status consolidating legally within the constitution. Establishment of the center as a financial hub for the CIS countries, as well as the region. An independent commercial law system, which will function on English law principles and with a judicial corps consisting of foreign experts will be established. The goal is for Kazakhstan’s financial hub to join the top 20 financial centers of the world.

Develop a strategy to ensure that the financial center provides specialized services to the capital markets as well as Islamic finance services. Development of new types of financial services, including private banking and asset management. Introducing a liberal tax regime for the center. Possibility of establishing an offshore financial market.

Introducing the principle of investment residence like in Dubai.

Making English the official language of the financial center. Its independent legislation must be developed and applied in English language.

Ensuring international transport accessibility to the financial center. Establishment of a network of regular and convenient air services between the financial center and other leading financial hubs.

Increasing transparency and predictability of the subsoil use sector by introducing the CRIRSCO mineral reserves international reporting standards.

Introducing a facilitated contracting method for all mineral resources by using the best international practices.

Increasing the quality of human capital on the basis of the OECD countries’ standards. Stage-by-stage implementation of 12 years of secondary education, improving the standards of school education in order to develop higher literacy standards. Introducing per capita financing for high schools and establishing a system of expanding successful schools.

Training highly qualified staff in the top 10 leading colleges and 10 higher education institutions that focus on six key sectors of the economy. Sharing their experience with other educational institutions in the country.

Moving gradually towards the self-management of universities, taking into account the experience of the Nazarbayev University. Transformation of private universities into non-profit organizations in line with international practice.

Stage-by stage transition to the use of the English language in the education system. The main aim is to increase competitiveness of students when they leave and position the educational sector as attractive for international students.

Implementation of mandatory social health insurance. Strengthening financial sustainability of the health system through the principle of mutual responsibility of the state, employers and citizens. Priority financing of the primary health care. Primary care will be the core of the national healthcare for prevention and early fight against diseases.

Development of private health care, corporate management for health facilities. Introduction of a corporate governance at healthcare organizations in order to enhance accessibility and quality of the healthcare services through competition among the organizations for financing within the healthcare insurance.

Encouragement of privatization of the public healthcare organizations and extension of the guaranteed healthcare package provided at private healthcare organizations.

Establishment of a commission on health care service quality under the Ministry of Healthcare and Social Development. The main aim is to introduce best standards of health care service (treatment protocols, personnel training, medicines provision, qualityand access control).

Liberalization of labour relations and development of a new labour code.

Modernisation of the social benefits system, social assistance will be provided only to citizens who are genuinely in need of it. State targeted social assistance to citizens with working capacity and low income will require them to actively participate in programs that enable them to find employment.


Kazakhstan President is having an ambitious plan: making his country a role model for the world



Development of the draft patriotic act “Mangilik El” (Eternal Nation)

Development and implementation of the large-scale project of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan “Big Country –Big Family”, which will strengthen Kazakhstan’s identity and create conditions to form one civil society. All the work will be connected with the implementation of the concept of development of the tourist industry by 2020 and establishment of regional tourist clusters: “Astana – the Heart of Eurasia”, “Almaty – Kazakhstan’s Free Cultural Zone”, “Unity of Nature and Nomadic Culture”, “The Pearl of Altai”, “Restoration of the Great Silk Road”, “the Caspian Gates”.

Development and implementation of the national project “MeninElim” (My Country) that aims to strengthen civil identity. The implementation of a number of technological projects is envisaged. They include the creation of the large-scale internet project “Encyclopedia of Kazakhstan”, which will enable citizens and foreign tourists to discover more about the country. The portal will include 3D video tours of Kazakhstan, information on history and culture of the country, as well as interesting events.

The portal will act as Kazakhstan’s “business card”, as well as a national guide, a national wall of fame of citizens and a platform for online discussion.

Development and implementation of the national project on promoting the idea of the Society of Common Labor, which includes plans to implement the infrastructure development program “NurlyZhol” (Path to the Future), the second five-year period of industrialization and personal success stories of Kazakh citizens (heroes of our time), who achieved success since independence.

Development and implementation of the national project “NurlyBolashak” (Bright Future). Introducing values of the Mangilik El (Eternal Nation) into the current education programs.

Information support and promotion of the implementation of five institutional reforms as well as Kazakhstan’s identity in mass media, the internet, new-generation media, and social networks.




Creating a results-oriented state governance system with standardized and minimal procedures for monitoring, assessment and control. A disciplinary oversight system should be based only on achieving stated target. All procedural tasks and interim oversight should be abolished. State agencies will have independence in their activities aimed at achieving the set targets.

Establishing a reduced state planning system, decreasing the number of state programs, abolishing sector programs by integrating them into existing state programs, as well as into strategic plans of state agencies. Redesigning strategic plans and regional development programs.

Introduction of a new system for auditing and assessing public service work. Assessment of state programs will be carried out once every three years. Assessment of state agencies’ efficiency will be conducted annually. The law “On state audit and financial control” will be adopted. The accounts committee will work based on the model of world leading audit companies and move away from current operational control.

Introduction of “the open government”. Drafting law on access to information that will allow access to any information of state agencies except for highly confidential state documents and other information protected by the law.

Introduction of annual public statements by heads of state agencies on achieving key objectives and publication of their reports on official websites.

Introduction of annual reports on the performance of heads of national higher education institutions.

Ensuring online access to statistical data of central state agencies.

All budget, spending and consolidated financial reports, as well as results of external assessment of state service quality will be published.

Empowering citizens to participate in the decision-making process through development of local governance. Giving more powers to the private sector and self-regulated organizations, especially when it comes to activities that are not typically performed by the state.

Independent budgets for local government will be introduced in rural areas, auyls, villages, and towns. Mechanisms will be put in place to allow citizens to participate in discussing the best way to spend the budget.

Strengthening the role of public councils under state agencies and Akims. They will discuss the implementation of strategic plans and regional development programs, as well as budgets, reports, achieving stated objectives, draft legal acts concerning rights and freedoms of citizens and draft program documents. Legally establishing these public councils will enhance transparency of state decision­making.

Establishment of a state institution “government for citizens” that will become a single provider of state services and will be based on the example of Canada service and centre link in Australia.

This institution will integrate all public service centers into a single system. International certification of state services according to ISO 9000 quality management standards.

A happy future for all the people of Kazakhstan!




The National Modernization Commission under the President is established. It has five working groups, which include national and foreign experts.

Thenational commission should implement five institutional reforms on a step-by-step basis. It will ensure effective discussions between state agencies, the business sector and the civil society.

The national commission should adopt conceptual decisions and define concrete action plans. Its proposals will be approved by the President of Kazakhstan. Once approved, the Parliament will transform these proposals into legislation.

Efficiency of implementing key initiatives by Ministers and Akims will be thoroughly monitored by the national commission.

It is necessary to establish an international consultative council with experienced foreign experts, under the national commission. This council will develop recommendations and carry out independent monitoring of reforms and their implementation.

The Office of the Prime Minister of Kazakhstan will act as the working body of the national commission.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on July 30, 2015 at 5:10 PM


The academic staff of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, in agreement with other institutions and European academies, will start a process of complete and thoroughly examination and recommendations, so that the Five Institutional Reforms Program outlined by President Nursultan Nazarbayev to be recognized as a document of universal value and significance and to be offered as a template for development and national building across the world.



An official presentation of the 100 steps plan of Kazakhstan President has taken place in Romania, on 27 July 2015.

Kazakhstan Ambassador, Daulet Batrashev, outlined the significance and the importance of the message, in a dialogue with IRICE President-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and requested the academic analyses and an official point of view on the content of the document, that will be submitted for Kazakhstan people appreciation.

The document titled: 100 concrete steps set out by President Nursultan Nazarbayev to implement five institutional reforms is a concrete plan, proved the Kazakhstan President determination to carve out the creation of a developed state for all people of Kazakhstan.

H.E. Kazakhstan Ambassador entrust the Kazakhstan President program to IRICE President-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea

This will be achieved by developing a professional civil service, ensuring rule of law, offering bases for industrialisation and economic growth and fostering national unity and identity by developing a patriotic act named Mangilik El (Eternal Nation).

After perusing the document, IRICE President-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea express his complete acquiescence to the program enunciated by H.E. Kazakhstan President-Nursultan Nazarbayev and highlighted the main features of what he called „a perfect program for a modern nation, a state belonging to XXI century”.

The academic staff of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, in agreement with other institutions and European academies, will start a process of complete and thoroughly examination and recommendations, so that the Five Institutional Reforms Program outlined by President Nursultan Nazarbayev to be recognized as a document of universal value and significance and to be offered as a template for development and national building across the world.

The program and documents, submitted by H.E. Kazakhstan Ambassador-Daulet Batrashev for Europe and Romanian analysis, are reflecting the peerless manner in which President Nazarbayev is conducting the construction of an enlighten and modern state in Kazakhstan of today and his proposals can be considered as a document of world significance and authoritative development plan, concluded Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.

The meeting held between HE. Kazakhstan Ambassador-Daulet Batrashev and President-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea was the first official presentation of the Five Institutional Reforms Program of President Nursultan Nazarbayev to a world academic body.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on July 21, 2015 at 3:30 PM

On 10 July 2015 on a special ceremony, in the presence of the Government of Federal Republic of Ethiopia, ambassadors accredited to the country and representatives of different international organizations, H.E. Hailemariam Desalegn-Prime Minister of Ethiopia received the Romanian Parliament Medal for his outstanding merits in international diplomacy.

Ceremony for decorating H.E. Prime Minister of Ethiopia with Romanian Parliament Medal.

The Romanian Parliament Medal was entrusted to the leader of Ethiopia for his record in promoting peace and international cooperation, fostering development in his country and promoting Ethiopia as a world leader in tourism, culture and heritage protection.

The Romanian Parliament Medal was offered to the Prime Minister of Ethiopia in a public ceremony by Hon. Senator Ionel Agrigoroaei , Secretary of National Defense and Public Order Committee of Romania and Economic, Industry and Services Committee member of Romanian Parliament.

We must also mention that senator Ionel Agrigoroaei was elected in 2013 and 2014 as leader of activity of Romanian Parliament for his profusely activity on parliament arena.

The latest world international personality, receiver of Romanian Parliament Medal was Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan-H.E. Erlan Idrissov for his role in promoting free and fair international election monitoring into his country, the proposal and the final decision was taken in this cases by President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on July 21, 2015 at 6:35 AM

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea –IRICE President was received on , 9 July 2015 by the Minister of Trade of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Yaekob Yalla, during his visit to Ethiopia.


Economic and Trade dialogue between Romania and Ethiopia

The two officials reviewed the progress in the bilateral relations, insisting on economic cooperation and trade.

They expressed their firm belief that additional joint effort and intensified bilateral political contacts could boost the economic exchanges and help map out new investment and business projects of mutual interest.

As promising areas for bilateral economic cooperation, they mentioned the textile industry, the energy sector (hydroelectric plants, coal mining), agriculture and the pharmaceutical industry.

The Professor Dr. Anton Caragea urged Ethiopian business personalities to visit Romania and identify opportunities for economic cooperation. Moreover, he underscored that a rise in commercial exchanges could also be determined through the agency of the Romanian-Ethiopian Business Council.

H.E. Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and Senator Ionel Agrigoroaei decorates the Minister of Trade of Ethiopia.

He also assured the Ethiopian side that business people in Romania are aware of the huge Ethiopian market’s potential (with around 90 million`s consumers), given the wealth of natural resources, the strategic geographical position and this year’s positive democratic and economic developments.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on July 21, 2015 at 6:30 AM

The President of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea participated in a consultation session with State Minister of Foreign Affairs of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia-Berhane Gebre Christos, during the President official visit to Addis Ababa, at the invitation of the Ethiopian Prime Minister.

The two personalities expressed satisfaction at the excellent bilateral relationship, and by the frequent high level visits.


Professor Dr. Anton Caragea underlined that keeping the intense pace of this dialogue was a priority and declared that it would further enhance the bilateral relationship, including by identifying new sectorial cooperation opportunities.

Moreover, the two diplomats agreed to organized more consultation sessions between the ministries and between the sectorial Ministries.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea underlined the consistency of economic cooperation, supported by the dynamic presence of Romanian companies in Ethiopia and by the increasing trade between the two countries and our mission is to provide all the support they need to have opportunities for increased investment and business”, emphasized Professor Dr. Anton Caragea during the joint press statements.

In his turn, Ethiopian Minister appreciated the dynamics of bilateral cultural and economic relations.

Minister Berhane Gebre Christos recalled the very important role of the Romanian lobby for his country in international organization and for Ethiopia being nominated as WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION FOR 2015 an action that will have a significant contribution to his country’s economic development. “I thanked Professor Dr. Anton Caragea for the support that the Romanian personalities provide for the Ethiopian world stage profile and for supporting my countries initiative in the world and the region”, stated Berhane Gebre Christos.

The Ethiopian official also thanked President Dr. Anton Caragea for its constant and sustained support that it provides Ethiopia for the latter’s accession to the tourism structures, World Best Tourist Destination and World Capital of Culture and Tourism international competitions and expressed confidence that President Dr. Anton Caragea would further support Ethiopia, in view of a positive decision in this file.

In this context, he congratulated President Dr. Anton Caragea for the successful mandate and his Chairmanship of the Tourism and Trade Council.

During the talks, the two personalities extensively exchanged views on the current developments in Africa and Europe, particularly in the context of the Somali crisis and the issue of migration.

There was also an exchange of views on matters of interest on the international agenda, economic cooperation, cultural and diplomatic strengthening of ties.


Posted by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation on July 6, 2015 at 5:15 PM


Between 8 to 16 July 2015 a delegation lead by Professor Dr. Anton Caragea-IRICE President will make an official visit to Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in order to develop the bilateral relations.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea has being invited to open the Ceremony for World Tourism Awards, in sign of recognition and gratitude for his instrumental role in procuring for Ethiopia the WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION AWARD FOR 2015 and in supporting the inscription of Ethiopian coffee ceremony and « shimgalina » concept as part of immaterial humanity cultural heritage.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea-IRICE President presiding over European Tourism Conference

The ceremony will be held in Addis Ababa on 10th of July 2015 gathering high-level political representatives, including Heads of State and Government, and Ministers of Tourism, Finance, Foreign Affairs and Development Cooperation, as well as all relevant institutional stakeholders, non-governmental organizations and business sector entities.

The delegation headed by Professor Dr. Anton Caragea-IRICE President will also open the Third International Conference on Financing for Development to be held in Addis Ababa, between 13 to 16 July 2015, and on the side line of the conference IRICE President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea will held separate meetings with Zimbabwe delegation present at the conference, in continuation of last year extensive dialogue with H.E.President Robert Mugabe, African Union President and Zimbabwe President during Professor Dr. Caragea visit to Zimbabwe.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea-IRICE President and H.E. President of Zimbabwe and Chair of African Union-Robert G. Mugabe

The delegation lead by Professor Dr. Anton Caragea will have also meetings with H.E. Ethiopia Prime Minister –Haile Mariam Desalegn, Minister of Culture and Tourism- Mr. Amin Abdulkadir, Ministers of Energy and Economy in order to develop the bilateral relations.

The delegation will also enjoy a sophisticated cultural program including visits to Lalibela-XIII century capital, Gondor-XVIII century capital and Axum the famous capital of Christian Africa in IV to VI centuries.